How do vacuum cleaners work?

vacuum cleaner

Stick vacuums are a new type of vacuum cleaners in the market. This type of vacuum cleaner is used to clear dirt and debris off bare floors, hardwood floors, and other delicate surfaces. Stick vacuum cleaners feature a small frame and lightweight body. This makes them suitable for cleaning in tight spaces like ceilings and other crevices. Other than the lightweight feature, another defining characteristic of stick vacuum cleaners is the low suction power. This makes it suitable for delicate cleaning but unsuitable for cleaning surfaces like carpets with dirt stuck to their strands. One common feature that stick vacuums has with other types of vacuum cleaners in the technical functionality. Therefore, to understand how a stick vacuum works, you need to know how all vacuums work. 

How do vacuums work?

Vacuums work by sucking dirt and debris from surfaces. The suction power facilitates this action. The suction feature is facilitated by a different air pressure between the inside of the vacuum and the environment. Inside the vacuum cleaners is a fan that is driven by an electric motor. This electric motor is often universal in all types of vacuum cleaners. The purpose of the fan is to reduce the pressure inside the vacuum cleaner. When the pressure is decreased efficiently, the atmospheric pressure outside the vacuum pushes air through the surface (like carpet). It is pushed into the nozzle of the vacuum cleaner. This helps to promote the dust into the bag on the vacuum. 

vacuum cleaners working process

Other technical features of vacuums

  • Filtration– since vacuums are designed to make dust become airborne, they have to come with a filtration feature. Lack of exhaust filtration would result in such issues as health problems for the user and the residents. To avoid such issues, a filter is built in the vacuum. The air incoming air, therefore, passes through the filter before it arrives at the motor. The air thus passes through the engine while in a filtered state. At the engine, the filtered air is cooled. While this is an effective method of filtration in vacuums, other simple methods include;
  • Use of bags– in most vacuums, there are bags made of paper or fabric. These bags are made in the best way ever to allow air to pass through them while trapping most of the dust and debris. The trapped materials can be cleaned off or the bag can get disposed of in general.
  • Containers or reusable filters- these materials are used in place of bags in bagless vacuums. They work similarly to reusable bags. 
  • Separation through cyclonic technology– the cyclonic effect causes the air taken in by the vacuum to be spun so fast. The fast-spinning causes most of the dust to be expelled out of the air and into a collection bin.
vacuum cleaners working process

Final Word

Stick vacuums have several advantages over other types of vacuums. One of the main benefits is that stick vacuums tend to be cheaper than the latter. Stick vacuums are also more versatile and lightweight as compared to the rest. 

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Jaromir is a lifestyle blogger who loves to share his tips and tricks for living a happy and healthy life. He is always looking for new ways to improve his own life, and he loves to help others do the same. He has a passion for writing, and he enjoys sharing his thoughts and ideas with others. He is a motivated individual who is always looking for new opportunities to learn and grow. He is a friendly person who enjoys meeting new people and making connections. He is a hard worker who takes pride in his work.


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